The Storm Preparation Checklist
The Storm Preparation Checklist

Sailing can be a thrilling experience, but storms can pose a significant challenge. This blog post provides a comprehensive storm preparation checklist to help sailors minimize risks and keep their families safe.

The Storm Preparation Checklist

Sailing the open seas is an exhilarating and rewarding experience, but it also comes with its fair share of challenges. One of the most significant challenges that sailors face is dealing with storms. Storms can be unpredictable and dangerous, but with the right preparation and knowledge, you can minimize the risks and keep your family safe.

In this article, we will provide a comprehensive storm preparation checklist to help you prepare for and navigate through storms while sailing. This checklist will cover everything from understanding weather forecasts to securing your boat and ensuring the safety of your crew.

Table of Contents

  1. Understanding Weather Forecasts
  2. Preparing Your Boat
  3. Securing Your Sails
  4. Preparing Your Crew
  5. Storm Tactics
  6. Post-Storm Procedures

Understanding Weather Forecasts

Before setting sail, it’s crucial to have a solid understanding of weather forecasts and how to interpret them. This knowledge will help you make informed decisions about when to sail and when to stay in port.

Weather Sources

There are several sources of weather information available to sailors, including:

  • VHF radio broadcasts
  • Satellite phone weather services
  • Internet-based weather services
  • Weather apps for smartphones and tablets

Make sure to consult multiple sources to get a comprehensive understanding of the weather conditions you may encounter.

Weather Terminology

Familiarize yourself with common weather terminology, such as:

  • Wind direction: The direction from which the wind is blowing.
  • Wind speed: The speed of the wind, usually measured in knots.
  • Gusts: Sudden, brief increases in wind speed.
  • Squalls: Short-lived, intense storms with strong winds and heavy rain.
  • Fronts: Boundaries between different air masses, often associated with changes in weather conditions.

Weather Patterns

Understanding weather patterns in the area you plan to sail is essential. Research the typical weather conditions for the time of year you’ll be sailing, and be aware of any seasonal weather patterns, such as hurricane season in the Caribbean or the monsoon season in Southeast Asia.

Preparing Your Boat

Proper boat preparation is crucial for ensuring the safety of your vessel and crew during a storm. Here are some essential steps to take when preparing your boat for stormy weather:

Inspect Your Rigging

Check your rigging for any signs of wear or damage, such as frayed lines, loose fittings, or corrosion. Replace or repair any damaged components as needed.

Check Your Ground Tackle

Inspect your anchor, chain, and rode for any signs of wear or damage. Make sure your anchor is the appropriate size and type for your boat and the conditions you’ll be sailing in.

Secure Loose Items

Stow away any loose items on deck and below, such as cushions, life jackets, and cooking utensils. Secure any items that could become projectiles in high winds, such as dinghies, kayaks, or paddleboards.

Seal Hatches and Ports

Ensure that all hatches, ports, and vents are securely closed and sealed to prevent water ingress during heavy rain or waves.

Check Your Bilge Pumps

Test your bilge pumps to ensure they are functioning correctly and can handle the increased water ingress that may occur during a storm.

Securing Your Sails

Properly securing your sails is essential for maintaining control of your boat during a storm. Here are some tips for securing your sails in stormy conditions:

Reef Early

Reef your sails early, before the wind becomes too strong. This will reduce the amount of sail area exposed to the wind, making your boat more manageable and stable.

Use Storm Sails

If you have storm sails, such as a storm jib or trysail, rig them before the storm hits. These sails are designed to handle high winds and will help you maintain control of your boat.

Secure Your Boom

Prevent accidental jibes by securing your boom with a preventer or boom brake. This will help protect your rigging and crew from injury.

Preparing Your Crew

Ensuring the safety and well-being of your crew is paramount during a storm. Here are some steps to take when preparing your crew for stormy weather:

Assign Roles

Assign specific roles and responsibilities to each crew member, such as helming, sail handling, or monitoring the weather. This will help ensure that everyone knows what to do during the storm.

Review Safety Procedures

Review your boat’s safety procedures with your crew, including the location and use of life jackets, harnesses, and tethers. Make sure everyone knows how to use the boat’s communication equipment, such as the VHF radio or satellite phone.

Establish a Watch Schedule

Set up a watch schedule to ensure that someone is always on deck to monitor the boat’s progress and the weather conditions. This will help prevent fatigue and ensure that everyone gets some rest during the storm.

Storm Tactics

When faced with a storm, there are several tactics you can employ to help keep your boat and crew safe. Here are some common storm tactics to consider:


Heaving-to is a technique used to slow down your boat and maintain a more comfortable motion in heavy seas. To heave-to, back your jib or storm jib and adjust your rudder to keep the boat at a slight angle to the wind and waves.

Lying Ahull

Lying ahull involves allowing your boat to drift sideways to the wind and waves, with all sails down and the helm locked. This tactic can be useful in extreme conditions when other tactics are not possible, but it can also expose your boat to the risk of being rolled by large waves.

Running Off

Running off involves sailing downwind with minimal sail area, allowing the boat to ride with the wind and waves. This tactic can help reduce the risk of being rolled by large waves, but it may also increase the risk of an accidental jibe.

Deploying a Sea Anchor or Drogue

A sea anchor or drogue can be deployed to help slow your boat down and maintain a more comfortable motion in heavy seas. A sea anchor is a large parachute-like device that is deployed from the bow, while a drogue is a smaller cone-shaped device that is deployed from the stern.

Post-Storm Procedures

Once the storm has passed, it’s essential to assess your boat and crew for any damage or injuries. Here are some post-storm procedures to follow:

Inspect Your Boat

Check your boat for any signs of damage, such as torn sails, damaged rigging, or water ingress. Make any necessary repairs or adjustments before continuing your journey.

Check on Your Crew

Ensure that all crew members are accounted for and assess any injuries or medical issues. Provide first aid as needed and seek professional medical assistance if necessary.

Review Your Route

Review your planned route and make any necessary adjustments based on the storm’s impact on your progress or the weather conditions ahead.

Learn from the Experience

Take the time to debrief with your crew and discuss what went well and what could have been done differently during the storm. Use this experience to improve your storm preparation and tactics for future voyages.

In conclusion, proper storm preparation is essential for ensuring the safety of your boat and crew during a storm. By following this storm preparation checklist, you can minimize the risks associated with stormy weather and enjoy a safer, more enjoyable sailing adventure with your family.